The normal temperature of human body ranges from 36.9 C to 371.1 C. Our body temperature also varies from night and day. The temperature of the body rises during the day and it is peak in the late afternoon, similarly temperature decreases during evening and its the lowest in the early morning. A child is said to be having fever when their body temperature increases to anything about 38 C or 100 F. Fever in child mostly means he or she is having some kind of infection, but in some cases it can also due to other reasons such as injury or diseases. Many parents think that the teething also causes fever, but this is not true. Fever in infant can also help your baby fight infection and many bacteria. Your child may also get fever due to immunization and vaccines.
Measuring Body Temperature to determine Fever
In order to measure the body temperature of your child for fever, you need to have a thermometer. There are many thermometers available on the market, but not all show accurate reading. So be sure to buy a good quality thermometer for your baby. The forehead thermometers are very popular as they are non invasive and easy to use. You can measure your baby’s temperature without he or she even noticing. Earlier people use to have mercury based glass thermometers, but after many accidents of mercury spilling up, many health experts advised strongly against using it.
|Fever Range||Types of Thermometer||Uses|
|In healthy kids fevers usually||don’t indicate anything serious Normal||body temperature can vary depending|
|on the individual the time||of day and even the||weather This is a glass|
|tube with mercury inside of||the tube Although it can||be frightening when your child’s|
|temperature rises fever itself causes||no harm and can actually||be a good thing|
|it’s often the body’s way||of fighting infections For most||people a temperature of 98.6|
|F Fahrenheit 37 C or||Celsius is baseline
|goes underneath the tongue and|
Medical research hasn’t determined an exact correlation between oral, rectal, ear, armpit, and forehead temperature measurements. Body temperature is a measure of your body’s ability to make and get rid of heat. Orally. Instead of being in direct contact with the TM, today’s tympanic thermometers measure the thermal radiation emitted from the TM and the ear canal, and have therefore been called infrared radiation emission detectors (IRED). Because the amount of thermal radiation emitted is in proportion to the membrane’s temperature, IRED accurately estimates TM temperature . In contrast with other sites of temperature measurement, the TM’s blood supply is very similar in temperature and location to the blood bathing the hypothalamus, the site of the body’s thermo regulatory centre. Generally, the correlation of temperature results are as follows: The average normal oral temperature is 98.6°F (37°C). A rectal temperature is 0.5°F (0.3°C) to 1°F (0.6°C) higher than an oral temperature.
- The body is very good at keeping its temperature within a safe range, even when temperatures outside the body change a lot.
- Temperature can be taken by mouth using either the classic glass thermometer, or the more modern digital thermometers that use an electronic probe to measure body temperature.
- It is, therefore, an ideal location for core temperature estimation.
- An ear (tympanic) temperature is 0.5°F (0.3°C) to 1°F (0.6°C) higher than an oral temperature.
- When you are too hot, the blood vessels in your skin widen to carry the excess heat to your skin’s surface.
An armpit (axillary) temperature is usually 0.5°F (0.3°C) to 1°F (0.6°C) lower than an oral temperature. You may start to sweat. Temperatures taken rectally (using a glass or digital thermometer) tend to be 0.5 to 0.7 degrees F higher than when taken by mouth. A forehead (temporal) scanner is usually 0.5°F (0.3°C) to 1°F (0.6°C) lower than an oral temperature. As the sweat evaporates, it helps cool your body. Axillary. When you are too cold, your blood vessels narrow. Temperatures can be taken under the arm using a glass or digital thermometer. This reduces blood flow to your skin to save body heat.
Temperatures taken by this route tend to be 0.3 to 0.4 degrees F lower than those temperatures taken by mouth. You may start to shiver. By ear. When the muscles tremble this way, it helps to make more heat. A special thermometer can quickly measure the temperature of the ear drum, which reflects the body’s core temperature (the temperature of the internal organs). Your body temperature can be measured in many places on your body. A special thermometer can quickly measure the temperature of the skin on the forehead. The most common ones are the mouth, the ear, the armpit, and the rectum. Temperature can also be measured on your forehead. Thermometers show body temperature in either degrees Celsius (°C) or degrees Fahrenheit (°F), depending on the custom of the region. In Canada, temperatures are often measured in degrees Celsius. This is also standard in most other countries.
How do you know if your child has a fever
A young child with a fever will often appear ill. The child may:
- look flushed or pale
- feel hot or cool to the touch
- be fussy or groggy
- have “goose bumps,” shivers or tremors
- sweat and/or be thirsty
Fever is the body’s natural response to help fight infection. You may think you can tell if your child has a fever by touching his or her forehead. The body temperature of a healthy person changes during the course of the day and depending on their activity. When a child is sick, the first thing the doctor’s office may ask is, “What’s her temperature and how did you take it?” There are a variety of thermometers and ways to take a child’s temperature, so it’s helpful to know what’s recommended for each age. Fever itself is not harmful, so it is usually not necessary to treat the fever.However, children with fever often feel uncomfortable and unwell.Giving pain relief medication such as paracetamol or ibuprofen may be helpful for this discomfort.Fevers may occasionally bring about febrile convulsions (fits), in up to 1 in 30 children under five years of age.
It may alert you to a fever, but this isn’t an accurate way to tell. Basically, a distinction is made between the body core temperature and the surface temperature. Basic digital thermometers are a good choice. This means 29 out of 30 children will never have a febrile convulsion no matter what their temperature is. Fever strips, which are placed on the child’s forehead, are also not accurate.The best ways to take your child’s temperature are orally, rectally, by placing the bulb of the thermometer under the arm (axillary temperature) or using an ear thermometer.
The surface temperature is measured on the surface of the skin and is derived from the ambient temperature and the temperature inside the body. They are accurate, fast, easy to use, inexpensive, and can be used for a variety of temperature-taking methods: in the bottom (rectal), by mouth (oral), or under the arm. For children under 2, you can check by doing an axillary temperature and a rectal temperature if there is a fever, in order to get an accurate measurement. Ideal measurement points are body cavities close to major blood vessels: the mouth, rectum, under-arm and eardrum.
Types of Thermometers
There are many different types of thermometer available in today’s market. A digital stick thermometer is the most widely sold and cheapest type. these thermometers are a form of digital thermometer that is highly sensitive and tracks precise, minute, temperature changes within the body. Knowing how to use a thermometer to measure your child’s temperature is important. It is vital that you understand the range of products available to you and their suitability for use.
Look for one with an LCD display that’s easy to read and a start button that’s easy to press. They are most often used for female fertility purposes and ovulation tracking rather than general, body temperature measuring purposes. Temperatures can be taken in several different places on the body with various thermometers; whichever type of thermometer you use, be sure to read the directions carefully. Complying with health & safety in a catering establishment will need very different equipment to a medical kit. Digital thermometers rely on batteries to work. A normal thermometer usually measures temperature in two-tenths of a degree increments, while a basal thermometer measures by tenths of a degree. Almost all thermometers require correct positioning to get the most accurate reading. Just as an office or workplace thermometer is not suitable for critical industrial measurements. Decide whether you want a rigid-tip or flexible-tip thermometer. When an infant is younger than three months you cannot use a pacifier thermometer to take their temperature. Continue reading “Fever in Child – Right Way to Measure Temperature Using Thermometer” »